Qumran Calendar Cycles

The Qumran calendar is the most complex of all calendars on earth. The reason is quite simple. The length of the year depends a great deal on where Jupiter and Saturn are located in relation to each other. When they are on the same side of the sun and aligned with it, the earth is pulled out of its orbit to the maximum. When they are located directly opposite each other aligned with the sun, the earth’s orbit is at its most round, resulting in the number of days in the year being at their minimum. The day number varies according to where these two giants are in relation to each other. In addition to that, there is the natural left-over fraction of circles in the calculations, which makes the math interesting, so let’s get the technical stuff out of the way first.

There are two sets of data here for comparison. One is the data averaged by modern observers of the sun. The other is the calculated value for the Qumran calendar, placed next to each other for comparison.

Now that the technical stuff is covered, here is the Infographics version that was in circulation during the age of Taurus, about 4,000 years ago, that has been updated to our Zodiac sign. Yes, we are already in the Age of Aquarius, and have been since 1900 when the first radio communication from Italy was received in New York. Remember, it is an “air” sign, and that means wireless transmissions. That squiggly graphic representing Aquarius means electricity and magnetism, not water, which was the fishes of Pisces.

Remember, Hebrew is written from right-to-left, so the days are arranged right-to-left. Flipping the image only gives a mirror image of the lettering, making it harder to read and guarantees some mistakes in transposing the information.

Okay, now for the “bean-counters”, here is one in their language. That column immediately to the right of the purple one is the year that is named but not counting in the counting of the years, just as the four named days are not counted in the counting but named with numbers. Don’t sweat the details, it’s still the 91st day in the matrix, but the “old-timers” liked to keep things in nice little equal-sized boxes, and the named days marked the beginning of a new season, just as the named year of Jubilee marked the beginning of a new cycle of Land Sabbaths. Everything in astronomy is circular, but sometimes the circles have flattened sides, like the eye of a hurricane, which has eight sides, just like the Jubilee cycle, with its seven Land Sabbaths plus the eighth, which is the Jubilee year.

The 50th year, the Jubilee, is named with a name rather than named with a number like the previous 49 years.

Now that we have all the technical stuff explained, it’s time to get into the big stuff, as in a spreadsheet with thousands of rows and a dozen or more columns, but don’t worry, we will only look at a few of them. The first one shows the number of days between the Spring equinox in the Jubilee calendar and the Gregorian calendar (the one you buy to keep your appointments on). It’s only seven pages long, just enough to let you know if you have reached your limit with the strange stuff and want to get back to real life.

If you are still here and want to jump into the deep end, here is a file that gives the list of priestly groups that came on duty on the first day of Spring each year, but don’t worry. They don’t do that any more, because there is no temple in Jerusalem for them to come to. It’s just one of those antique facts that might be asked on a TV trivia show. Besides, it’s only 417 years long because nobody can agree on what year the temple in Jerusalem was dedicated and the courses started. They only agreed on the date it ended, because the temple was burned to the ground on that date. Besides, no one wants to go through the entire 6,301 rows in that entire file anyway.

There’s just one more little detail before we go get a dish of ice cream. The calendar that the Hebrews (Jews) use is 240 years off the mark because somebody cut years out of the count on three occasions, then added two years back to it.

The year 2000 AD is really the year 6000 AM since the kingship was given to Enoch, Noah’s great-grandfather, who wrote the original book on the calendar before a passing asteroid had the audacity to add five-plus days to earth’s orbit in 705 BCE, messing up every calendar on earth and making King Hezekiah do the job all over again. At least that one is still accurate up to 10,000 years from now, so we won’t be trying to survive a universe’s mass of math with remainders of circles for a long time.