David was an illegitimate child, born to a Levite girl who had been contracted to Jesse’s house for 7 years, the same exact indenture practice that brought so many Irish to the United States, where they served for 7 years and then were released to be free citizens, except the rules for girls who were made pregnant by a member of the household were quite different in those days. She became a secondary wife and was never permitted to be cast out of the house. This happened to David’s mother, who was given a dwelling of her own on the far end of Jesse’s property, among the servants and slaves, to get him away from Jesse’s other sons. That she became a secondary wife is attested to by the fact that David is documented to have a sister, the mother of Joab, his chief general of the army.
The child of such a forced union could either be a slave, which was Jesse’s choice since he was trying to hide his shame against the girl, or claimed as legitimate sons, as Jacob did to the sons of Zilpah and Bilhah, twin sisters of one of the nobles from Ur that Laban bought as a slave from his captors. David was only recognized as a legitimate son when Samuel came to anoint him as the future king. Up until that time he was not permitted to enter the temple nor serve in the priestly office. After he was admitted to being a son, David did both. One of David’s first acts after he fled from Saul for the last time was to transport Jesse and his Levite mother to Tyre to be under the protection of Hiram, the king, whom he had met and befriended while in Saul’s service.
We can identify the family of the girl, whose identity and honor are protected by never mentioning her name, by two incidents.
When David fled from Saul, he went to the group of priests to obtain the sword of Goliath, which he had placed there with his cousins for safe-keeping. His family member, Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, was high priest at the time, and allowed David to eat the show-bread from the table before the altar, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat. That places David squarely in the family of the high priest with the rights and privileges of a priest. This has heavy implications when it comes to moving the Ark of the Covenant to the City of David and explains why David wore the priestly garment during the journey.
When Saul had this particular branch of the priestly family murdered, he was taking revenge on David. One of the young priests, Abiathar, was able to escape, taking one of the several “talking” breastplates with him, and escaped to tell David what had been done. He served David for the rest of his life, knowing that David had been anointed to be the king several years earlier, and David reinstalled his family as the legitimate high priests by elevating Abiathar to that position as soon as he became king and had the power to do so, which was 20 years after he fled from Saul.
During the time when David was undecided as to flee or return to Saul, which he had done many times when Saul launched spears at him while he was playing the harp, Saul’s son Jonathan, met him in the fields and they had conversations over a two-day period.
“And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even.”
Notice the term “new moon”. This is a mis-translation of the word Chodesh. The moon-based calendar was not used in Israel until Solomon instituted it to please his wife, daughter of King Hiram of Tyre, with whom he had a strong alliance for the purpose of trade.
There are no consecutive holy days in the moon-based calendar. This clearly identifies the sun-based calendar as the one King Saul was using, and that calendar only has one place in the entire year where two holy days follow in sequence. This is the named day of Autumn, followed immediately by the Feast of Trumpets. The next day of significance is 10 days into the future.
The correct translation of “Chodesh” is “season,”, a time period of 91 days without regard to the phases of the moon.
There have been four seasons since the flood of Noah’s days. There was eternal Spring before that. The “Covenant of the Rainbow” with Noah in Genesis establishes the four seasons. The days that carry the names, Spring, Summer, Winter and Autumn (“Fall” came into use because the sun “falls” from its highest point towards its lowest point in the sky) carry the Hebrew name chodesh, which identifies the days that are named, but not counted in the counting of days. This leave a calendar that is perfectly symmetrical with 30 days in each month, but 91 days in each season according to the counting but not according to the numbering, as the numbers are the names of the other 90 days.
This same pattern of two consecutive holy days is repeated after the Babylonian conquest, when Gedaliah was murdered.