Jerusalem as a site was populated long before the flood, and re-built by the Jebusites after the people spread across the land. When the land was divided by Joshua, part of Jerusalem fell in the territory drawn by lot for the family of Judah, and a sliver of the northern part fell to the tribe of Benjamin. The tribal line fell along the base of the great altar such that the fire pit was in Judah, but the flange along the northern base fell inside the tribe of Benjamin.
When David became king and captured the area known as Mount Zion, later to be called the City of David, the temple mount area was still in Jebusite hands. It was only when the meteor landed on the threshing floor of Ornan marking the end of the slaughter gendered by David’s numbering the men fit for war that David went to Ornan and bought that threshing floor to build a temple there.Notice that the original writings said David looked up to see the meteorite land. That defines that the temple was built on a level higher than the City of David. Calling the temple location the site of the Roman camp is in disagreement with the writings that Titus was in his place in the camp on Mt. Scopius when he looked out and saw the temple burning, indicating that the main Roman camp on its 36 acres was on Mt. Scopius, not Mt. Moriah where the temple was located. A second indication was that the rock under the Dome of the Rock on the temple mount was used as a place to announce found articles during the second temple period. It was the location of Solomon’s personal dwelling during the first temple period, and it caused a lot of animosity between the priests who knew better and Solomon, who is still hated to this day by the Jews for the abominations that he committed during his reign, including sleeping with his mother on the temple mount, a double abomination in the sight of the priests.
That threshing floor is on Mount Moriah, and David had Solomon build the the temple in such a way that the Ark of the Covenant sat directly on the meteorite, grounding it so it would be harmless. The reason the grounding was necessary was that the Ark had a reputation for throwing its carriers around like rag dolls when they picked it up. There are switches under the carrier rings that hold the staves, and when those switches are activated by being lifted up by the carriers, all four switches have to be engaged at exactly the same time, or the electrical charge of the electrical capacitor, for that is what the ark is, an enormous electrical capacitor, would buck like a wild horse trying to equalize the charge between switches. When the Ark was set on the meteorite, the staves with their gold plating were heavy enough to press the switches down into the “off” position, but the grounding was necessary to drain the static charge. The defining item that identifies the ark as a capacitor is that the priests who carried it had to be free of sweat that transmits electricity, wear linen that is electrically neutral, and go barefoot so that they are grounded themselves so as to not get electrocuted.
The need to ground the ark on a meteor is the defining reason that the Dome of the Rock is NOT the site of the temple. The rock under the Dome is just that, a common rock that Solomon built his house over, and that he dug a tunnel from to the meteorite so that he could go into the temple unobserved whenever he wanted to. That tunnel is not defined on any map that is available to the public today, but has been seen by several persons who took their lives into their hands to go down into the well inside the Dome to see where it went. They never got past the guards down there.
But back to David. His mother was a member of the family of Zadoc, the high priest, which gave him the authority to both build the temple and move the Ark, but he was not permitted to do the actual building because while he and his men were living in Ziklag under King Achish, the land of the enemies of Saul, he fed his people by attacking Achish’s villages and killing every man, woman and child so there would be no witnesses, then taking all their flocks and herds. He was an astute politician as well, arranging for the raids to be blamed on Saul. The result of those slaughters was that God called him “a bloody man” and refused to allow him to built the temple, rather appointing Solomon to do it. David was permitted to make preparations for the temple, however, including stock-piling metals and cedar wood, drawing the plans and setting the rotation of priests serving in it according to the sun-based calendar (there is no provision for either the temple and its priesthood or the laws of Moses under the moon-based calendar), both imported directly from lower Egypt and the priesthood of the God Amen, the unseen creator, as evidenced by all of his prayers ending in “Amen”, which we still do today.
But Solomon was his father’s son, and he abused the kingship so badly that the kingdom was taken from his son, leaving only two tribes, Judah and Simeon, whose land portion was completely surrounded by Judah such that they eventually merged into one people, for the sake of the promise given to David that his son would sit on the throne after him, but the kingship would be taken away if his heirs strayed from the appointed ways.
The name of “Israel” went to the 10 northern tribes ruled by the descendants of Joseph, led by the half-tribe of Ephraim. Judah and Simeon became the kingdom of Judah. They were never called Israel until May of 1949, when they declared their independence as a free nation.
Jerusalem and the bulk of the temple was in Judah, not Israel. Jerusalem was only the capital of Israel during the lifetimes of David and Solomon, after that the capital of Israel was Samaria. After Israel was removed from the land, their conquerors moved other nationalities in that were never called Israel, but took the name Samaritans from the capital city of Samaria.
Jerusalem is, today, the capital of the former Judea, but it is a legitimate name from the history of that area. The 10 tribes of Israel were regathered into the land they inherited through Abraham, Issac and Jacob, a large, well-watered land in the part of the earth that is part hot and part cold, that is nowhere near the Middle East, and that happened in the five years straddling the year 1800 AD/CE (do the math for the time of their exile in 702-701 BCE, which was doubled as Moses was told on the mountain). Israel exists today under another name as they have lost the memory of their origins. The current name is simply a place-holder for when their remnant returns, for the entire population is to large to fit into the land.
Judah is not a healed nation yet. Israel doesn’t know who they are, yet they are fulfilling prophecy as though they understood what they are doing. They don’t. And they won’t until the remnant returns to the Middle East and establishes residency there, healing both halves of the nation under one king from the tribe of Ephraim, according to prophecy that says, “Until Shiloh comes”. The proper translation of “Shiloh” is Liberty or Freedom. “Until Shiloh comes” indicates the freedom for southern Judah and (the statue of) liberty for northern Israel. Both have come, and Jerusalem is once again the official capital of a land promised to the people of Israel through Abraham’s drawing of lots during the days of Noah over 2,500 years ago.
The next event is the fulfillment of the Feast of Trumpets when the remnant of the 10 tribes will be called home to the Middle East by the blowing of the trumpets as instituted by Moses during the sojourn in the wilderness. They will have a king over them from the tribe of Ephraim, and he will be accepted by Judah, bringing the entire prophecy cycle of the reunification of all 12 tribes to completion.