Hannibal was the military leader of the remnant of the Sea People whose base had originally been at Tyre until the earthquake dropped that port into shallow water. The leader in Tyre was the same King Hiram who partnered with King Solomon, David’s son, in shipping endeavors. When Solomon’s fleet was destroyed by a sudden storm as it left on its maiden voyage, Solomon was forced to resign himself to putting sailors on Hiram’s ships. Those were the days when Tyre was the trading capitol of the world. Solomon’s fleet would have traversed the Indian Ocean while Hiram’s ships would have had a monopoly across the Atlantic by means of controlling the Straits of Gibraltar, so we are looking at the potential to control the wealth of the known world of that time.
When the earthquake took out the seaport of Tyre, the capitol was moved to Carthage and strong trading posts were set up in several strategic locations, including Spain and Portugal, where they continued to trade in a much-reduced power structure, generating the saying, “Portugal is their cradle, the world is their grave.”
Enter the Roman Empire, or the Rome that wanted to become an empire. To do so would require control of the shipping wealth, so Rome went to war with Carthage, lost the first two rounds, and then Hannibal entered the picture with his fighting elephants across the Pyrenees, for which he gained a permanent place in the history books.
Hannibal lost. So did Rome.
Hannibal escaped back to Carthage, gathered his chief officers and the available wealth and disappeared from history. Rome marched into Carthage and leveled it to the ground, eliminating the shipping competition. Rome lost that round for one simple reason. It failed to gain control of the secrets of the shipping trade that allowed Carthage to be the mistress of the sea. Among those secrets was the use of the Jubilee calendar with its accurate predictions of when the winter storms would put a stop to sailing until Spring, and also navigation by the stars, which is a segment of the calendar knowledge of the Zodiac, constellations, and their angles of trigonometry, as it gives the longitude as well as the latitude, which no other country’s sailors knew at that time. This allowed them to leave view of the shoreline during their voyages, which was not recovered until King Henry of France, or one of his sailors, came up with the floating compass.
Rome had to confine itself to its famous land roads, which tradition tells us all led to Rome, until it built the shipping expertise that had been the privilege of the Sea Peoples. Yes, Rome had great fleets inside the Gates of Gibraltar, but it had no expertise outside them, and even inside, it has a history of losing much of its fleets on a recurring basis, so that it never became a major sea power nor gained the wealth of all the trading nations that it so longed to capture.