.The Qumran calendar was entirely separate from the moon-based calendar in the temple. Each was kept separately for separate uses. The Qumran calendar was never “luni-solar.” It was purely solar. Every moon-based calendar has to be corrected to the sun-based reality, never the other way around. Calendars are used for such purposes as plowing, planting crops, breeding cattle, and calculating birth dates for humans and cattle alike.
The range of time for plowing is very narrow, and if the plowing and planting isn’t done before the Spring rains start, there will be hunger the following year. That purpose cannot be taken lightly, or changed even a few days one way or the other. An accurate calendar is the difference between starving to death and eating very well indeed.
It took 20+ years of intensive study and research to get the data points between the Qumran calendar and the Gregorian calendar matched accurately so that it would be correct 10,000 years into the future. One example of such a data point is the 350th and 700th years when only 7 days are added to the Jubilee year. That question was answered from my remembering talking to one of the “old timers” whose Seventh-Day Baptist congregation still kept the annual feast days according to the Qumran calendar (yes, there are quite a few smaller congregations still keeping the feasts described by this calendar, but they keep this calendar as a heavily guarded secret). He made the comment that the year we were in (1950) was a Jubilee year, but we didn’t have to worry about the number of days because it was neither a 350th nor 700th year and wouldn’t be for many, many years yet, so it would have 14 days inserted. I have never come across this information in any literature during my many years of study. When I plugged this data into the formulas, the calendar was off by one day and a fraction in the 10,000th year as compared to the Gregorian calendar.
This matrix, which includes the Qumran dates matched to the Gregorian dates and the moon phases for the period of time that the U.S. Naval Observatory had posted on its web sites at the time is far too large to paste into a post, so it has been attached as an Adobe Acrobat.pdf file that can be printed on standard 8.5×11″ paper. It needs a little instruction on how to read the color coding. Once you get that down, it’s simple.
The cells that carry the sunshine yellow color are days that have been intercalated – added to the calendar due to the slowing of earth’s rotation and catastrophes in the past – and all of them are restricted days of one level of holiness or another. A full chart of their specific characteristics will be published in a separate post. The red lettering inside the yellow cells indicate feasts that are not yearly. “Jubilee” indicates a 50th year that is named, not numbered, included in the counting but excluded from the numbering. The days marked “LS” are the days inserted every seven years to indicate the year the land is to be given a rest. No plowing, no planting, no pruning the grape vines or fruit trees, no breeding the cattle. It is dedicated to allowing the plants and animals to rest as well as the humans. Modern research has shown that this allows the soil bacteria to replenish, increasing fertility dramatically.
The one dark green day, the Feast of the Barley Harvest, was demoted by the Chief Priest Ezra at the end of the Babylonian Captivity so that he could elevate a “common” day at the end of the Feast of Tabernacles for the reading of the law […the last day, that great day, Jesus stood up…,” which had originally occurred during the seven days intercalated during the seventh-year land Sabbaths in prior years, the failure of the keeping of them having been the reputed cause of the Babylonian Captivity in the first place so that the people didn’t know they were breaking the requirements, having never heard them, and not having books of them in every home as we do today.
The light green days are feasts that Nehemiah ordained to support the temple services with oil, wood, and wine for the sacrifices.
The one blood red day, the Atonement, is a day of fasting and prayer. It is heavily loaded with significance of every kind. The Jews observe it as a day that they each are judged individually for their misdeeds during the past year, and to discern whether they are sufficiently innocent to survive another year. Christians observe it as the day that God mourns for the loss of Satan, His perfect creation that went wrong through corrupting his trading practices. Disrespecting this day in the Hebrew culture is judged with the death penalty from which there is no ransom, as is the weekly Sabbath, as both belong to God, not mankind.
The Turquoise days are pictures of the land and harvests more than the people. All these reserved days have different meanings in different cultures, so only those of interest to persons studying the Hebrew culture, which includes both the “10 Lost Tribes of [Northern] Israel” and the Jews, would be interested in. Future cultures that will be brought entirely into the observances of this group are all the dispersed Egyptians, the “Gypsies” and “Roma” of the world, but that time is not yet.
The one peach-colored day is of special significance, as it will be repeated within the near future. It is called “Passover” because it is the day the Destroyer passed over Egypt, loosening the grip of the Egyptians over the Hebrews and releasing them from slavery, commonly known as the Exodus. It is mentioned again in Revelation where in is called by the names Appolion and Abaddon, Greek and Roman names for “Destroyer.” The 10 plagues will be discussed in another post where there is time and space to go into the terrible details. The Cliff Notes version is that every stone building in Egypt at that time was thrown down in an earthquake that took place at midnight when the people were in bed asleep, killing an estimated one out of every 10 Egyptians, especially those wealthy ones that could afford stone masonry. The Hebrews were spared – the ones that had managed to stay alive through the years of oppression and slavery – because their homes were made of papyrus reeds and torqued during the shaking that saw the island of Thera erupt so violently that ash has been identified down to the Cataracts in the Nile.
The attached file covers the years Gregorian 2000, a Jubilee year, through 2050 Gregorian, the next Jubilee year. It is set up so that each year is divided across two sheets of paper. If printed on standard 8.5×11″ or A4 paper, the sheets can be hole-punched in such a manner (punched on the right side for the beginning and the left side for the ending of the year) that the beginning of the year will face the ending of the year in a standard ring binder, giving the full year in one spread with the print large enough to read.